The Dancer's Foot
Not everyone can wear the same pair of shoes, this is because everyone has a characteristic and different shape foot (often the left foot has a different shape and size than the right).
Usually, feet can be classified into three different types.
Thickened areas of skin are called calluses. The skin becomes tough in response to constant contact or pressure. The building up of calluses on the toes helps to toughen the feet and is, in general, a desirable aide in helping to protect the toes.
Blisters occur when the shoes and tights rub hard against the skin, especially if excess heat is generated. The toes can be individually wrapped with medical toe tape or Band-Aids to reduce the friction and chafing that causes blisters or individual gel products that reduce pressure can be placed over the toes.
Corns are a skin secretion composed of the protein keratin. They are produced at pressure-sensitive sites. Lamb’s wool and/or gel or foam doughnut pads can be extremely helpful in relieving the pressure that causes corns.
A bunion is an enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint where the big toe meets the foot. The big toe may turn toward the second toe and the big toe’s joint may become swollen and tender. While bunions are mostly genetic, dancers often develop them because of the abnormal pressure placed upon the big toe while on pointe.
Because there is a lot of pressure on the tips of the toes while on pointe, bruising of the toenails can result causing great concern and agony for the pointe dancer. Often times, the cause of bruised toenails is a soft toe box or incorrectly fit shoes. If the shoe is too wide the foot will sink into the box/toe of the shoe and puts undue pressure on the nail, resulting in painful bruising.
The Egyptian foot is the most common in Italy and is characterized by toes with decreasing length, from big toe to little toe. Who has this shape should ensure a proper space to the big toe and choose shoes for shoes with comfortable toe-end , but close – fitting to the heel.
The front of the Roman foot is a bit squat and wide. The first three toes are of the same length, while the others usually are smaller. In that case pointed shoes, shoes too tight and in general those with high heels aren’t recommended, because they push forward the forefoot, reducing the space in the extremity and causing the rubbing of the upper on the toes skin.
The Greek foot, also called model foot, is considered the most likable shape aesthetically speaking. Who has the greek foot can wear, longer than others, pointed shoes and with high heels footwear, because toes have enough space thereby they don’t overlap each other or shrink.
The Dancer's Foot
The Giselle Foot, which is also known as a Peasant Foot, has approximately three short and stubby toes that are almost exactly the same length. This type of foot is considered to be well-built and sturdy. The Giselle Foot is perfect for dancers that require more balance and stability.